Life for the poor in Elizabethan England was very harsh. The poor did not share the wealth and luxurious lifestyle associated with famous Tudors such as Henry VIII, Elizabeth I and non-monarchs such as Sir Francis Drake. Unlike today, there was no Welfare State to help out those who had fallen on hard times.
How did Elizabethans treat the poor?
they brought in a compulsory nationwide Poor Rate system. everyone had to contribute and those who refused would go to jail. begging was banned and anyone caught was whipped and sent back to their place of birth.
What were the main problems linked with being poor in Elizabethan England?
Elizabethan England faced a mounting economic problem as the poor became poorer, and a growing army of vagabonds and beggars roamed the streets and countryside. In an attempt to curb the problem, the government passed a series of strict Poor Laws.
Why were Elizabethans worried about the poor?
This was because of: fears that the ‘social order’ might be threatened if the growing number of poor people ganged together and started a rebellion. the risk that vagabonds and beggars might turn to crime. fears that the poor might spread disease.
How did the Elizabethan Poor Law conceptualize the poor?
The Elizabethan Poor Law of 1601 required each parish to select two Overseers of the Poor. The Overseer of the Poor was under the supervision of the Justice of the Peace. It was the job of the Overseer to determine how much money it would take to care for the poor in his or her parish.
What did poor Elizabethans eat?
For the poor, bread was the staple food and it would be eaten with butter, cheese, eggs, and pottage (a vegetable soup thickened with oats). Poor people could not afford much red meat, like beef or pork, so tended to eat white meat, like chicken, rabbit or hare, and birds they could catch like blackbirds or pigeons.
How did the rich live in Elizabethan times?
The rich were keen to show off their wealth and social status. As a result of this wealth and the fact that times were more peaceful, they began to build and live in grand stately homes. … Famous examples of Elizabethan stately homes are Longleat House, Hardwick Hall and Burghley House.
How were actors treated in Elizabethan England?
The Reputation of Elizabethan actors
Many were viewed as Rogues and Vagabonds. Actors were not trusted. Travelling Elizabethan Actors were considered such a threat that that regulations were imposed and licenses were granted to the aristocracy for the maintenance of troupes of players.
What were the two types of poor people in Elizabethan England?
The poor were divided into three groups by the government:
- The first were called Helpless Poor. …
- The second group was called the Able Bodied Poor. …
- The third group, the more dangerous, are itinerant Rogues and Vagabonds, who roam the highways begging and stealing.
What were the two types of Elizabethan Poor called?
The first was the impotent or deserving poor. These poor were people who were unable to work due to being ill, disabled or simply being too old. Elizabethan society was often sympathetic to this type of being poor. On the other hand those who chose to not work but were able to were called able bodied or idle poor.
What were the 3 poor laws?
The poor were classified in 3 brackets: a) The able poor who would work b) The able poor who would not work c) The poor who could not work, including children. The 1563 provisions meant that those who could (and would) work received some assistance in their own home: outdoor relief.
Why was the Poor Law 1601 introduced?
The Poor Law 1601 sought to consolidate all previous legislative provisions for the relief of ‘the poor’. The Poor Law made it compulsory for parishes to levy a ‘poor rate’ to fund financial support (‘public assistance’) for those who could not work.
Why was the poor law abolished?
The demise of the Poor Law system can largely be attributed to the availability of alternative sources of assistance, including membership of friendly societies and trade unions. … The National Assistance Act 1948 repealed all Poor Law legislation.
What were the laws in Elizabethan England?
The most important Elizabethan Laws were the 1559 Queen Elizabeth’s Second Act of Supremacy repealing legislation passed during Queen Mary’s reign and restoring to the Crown jurisdiction over the Church as well as the Realm, the 1574 Sumptuary Laws called the ‘Statutes of Apparel’ and the 1601 Poor Law.
What did the New Poor Law do?
The new Poor Law ensured that the poor were housed in workhouses, clothed and fed. Children who entered the workhouse would receive some schooling. In return for this care, all workhouse paupers would have to work for several hours each day.
Who invented the Poor Law?
Sir Edwin Chadwick
As secretary of the royal commission on reform of the poor laws (1834–46), Chadwick was largely responsible for devising the system under which the country was divided into groups of parishes administered by elected boards of guardians, each board with its own medical officer.