The Tower has been used and repurposed to fulfil many roles throughout its long history. A grand royal palace in its early history, it was later used as a fortress and prison, place of execution, an arsenal, royal mint, menagerie (or zoo) and is currently home to the priceless Crown Jewels of England.
What is the Tower of London used for now?
The Tower of London is a 900-year-old castle and fortress in central London that is notable for housing the crown jewels and for holding many famous and infamous prisoners.
What was the Tower of London used for in medieval times?
The Tower of London, that formidable symbol of England’s national heritage, served as a royal residence as well as a prison in the medieval period. The monarch traditionally spent the night at the Tower before his or her coronation ceremony at Westminster Abbey.
Why is the Tower of London a tourist attraction?
The Tower of London is one of London’s most popular and iconic tourist attractions. Built by William the Conquerer in the early 1080s the Towers role has been as a fortress, palace and prison. One of the main reasons to visit the Tower is to see the working collection of Crown Jewels.
Who lives in the Tower of London now?
As tradition going back 700 years, all Yeoman Warders and their families live within the Tower walls. Right now about 150 people, including a doctor and a chaplain, claim the Tower of London as their home address.
Does the Crown own the Tower of London?
Who owns the Tower of London? The Tower of London is owned by The Crown Estate, which belongs to Queen Elizabeth II in ‘the right of the Crown’ by virtue of being the reigning monarch.
Who was killed at the Tower of London?
The skeletons aroused much interest and debate as they were believed by many historians to be the bones of the two princes who were reputedly murdered in the Tower of London in the 15th century. The princes were Edward V and his brother Richard Duke of York, the sons of Edward IV and his Queen, Elizabeth Woodville.
Who first built the Tower of London?
When William the Conqueror built a mighty stone tower at the centre of his London fortress in the 1070s, defeated Londoners must have looked on in awe.
Why is it called the Wakefield Tower?
Built between 1222 and 1240, Wakefield Tower was named after William of Wakefield in 1344. It is the second largest tower in the Tower of London complex and its walls are much thicker than the other towers as it was built by Henry III to house his private apartments and to protect the inmost ward.
Why are the crown jewels kept in the Tower of London?
The Crown Jewels are so significant because they symbolise the passing of authority from one monarch to another during the coronation ceremony.
Where are the crown jewels kept in the Tower of London?
You’ll find the Crown Jewels under armed guard in the Jewel House at the Tower of London. These gems are a unique working collection of royal regalia and are still regularly used by The Queen for important national ceremonies, such as the State Opening of Parliament. Make sure to look out for the ‘in use’ signs.
What is inside the Tower of London?
Your Tower of London admission ticket includes the Crown Jewels, the ravens, the public outside areas of the Tower of London, Tower Green, White Tower, including Line of Kings, and Armoury in Action, Bloody Tower, Medieval Palace, Battlements (excluding Martin Tower), Torture at the Tower exhibition and Fusiliers …
Why are they called Beefeaters?
(Buffetiers were guards in the palace of French kings. They protected the king’s food.) However, the name Beefeater is more likely to have originated from the time when the Yeomen Warders at the Tower were paid part of their salary with chunks of beef. This took place right up until the 1800s.
Who lives in the Queen’s House at the Tower of London?
The Queen’s House is currently the home of the Resident Governor of the Tower of London. Originally, the Lieutenant of the Tower lived here and was the custodian of several famous prisoners, including Lady Jane Grey, and the last prisoner held in the Tower, Rudolf Hess in 1941.
How much do Beefeaters get paid?
How to become a Beefeater. Yeoman Warders now mainly act as tour guides on a day-to-day basis when not performing ceremonial duties – pay starts at around £24,000.