What jobs did people do 1666?
Price demonstrated that the commonest occupations in London in 1666, based on Hearth Tax returns pertaining to 2000 householders (out of a total of 39000), were, in decreasing order, Merchant-Tailor, Seaman, Goldsmith, Victualler, Shoemaker, Silkman, Cooper, Haberdasher, Alehouse-Keeper, Porter, Draper, Druggist, …
What was life like 1666?
400,000 inhabitants were crowded into the city’s narrow streets. Around 400,000 people lived in London in 1666. Fire was used a lot in everyday life for heating, lighting and cooking, and in industry.
What did the homeless do after the Great Fire of London?
Shanty towns appeared inside and outside the walls, whilst some constructed rudimentary shacks where their homes once stood. Others – especially pregnant women and the sick – were given refuge in any remaining churches, halls, taverns and houses, or in camps set up by the army.
What happened in the year 1666?
Great Fire of London, (September 2–5, 1666), the worst fire in London’s history. It destroyed a large part of the City of London, including most of the civic buildings, old St. Paul’s Cathedral, 87 parish churches, and about 13,000 houses.
What was life like in 1600 London?
In 16th century England most of the population lived in small villages and made their living from farming. However, towns grew larger and more important. During the 16th century trade and industry grew rapidly and England became a more and more commercial country. Mining of coal, tin, and lead flourished.
What did they wear in 1666?
In 1666, Charles II of England, Scotland and Ireland, following the earlier example of Louis XIV of France, decreed that at court, men were to wear a long coat, a vest or waistcoat (originally called a petticoat, a term which later became applied solely to women’s dress), a cravat, a periwig or wig, and breeches …
What did houses look like in 1666?
The houses in London in 1666 were mainly made of wood and had thatched roofs. The floors were covered in straw. The houses were built very close together and this helped the fire to spread from house to house.
What was life like in 1500?
In the 1500s and 1600s almost 90% of Europeans lived on farms or small rural communities. Crop failure and disease was a constant threat to life. Wheat bread was the favorite staple, but most peasants lived on Rye and Barley in the form of bread and beer. These grains were cheaper and higher yield, though less tasty.
What was London like 1666?
London in 1666
Homes arched out over the street below, almost touching in places, and the city was buzzing with people. Lots of animals lived London too – there were no cars, buses or lorries back then – so as well as houses, the city was full of sheds and yards packed high with flammable hay and straw.
Why are thatched roofs no longer allowed in London?
Whilst thatched roofs remain popular in rural England it has long been regarded as a dangerous material in cities. London’s first building begulation, the ordinance of 1212, banned the use of thatch to try to avoid the rapid spread of fire from one building to another.
How did they stop the Great Fire of London?
There was no fire brigade in London in 1666 so Londoners themselves had to fight the fire, helped by local soldiers. They used buckets of water, water squirts and fire hooks. Equipment was stored in local churches. The best way to stop the fire was to pull down houses with hooks to make gaps or ‘fire breaks’.
Did London Bridge burn down?
Boudica and the Iceni razed the city to the ground in 60AD and there were the two notable fires in 675 and 989. … St Paul’s Cathedral was burnt to the ground during the fire of 1087. In 1135 London Bridge was destroyed by flames and was rebuilt in stone.
Who was the king of London in 1666?
Charles II (29 May 1630 – 6 February 1685) was King of Scotland from 1649 until 1651, and King of Scotland, England and Ireland from the 1660 Restoration of the monarchy until his death in 1685.
What era was 1666 England?
1666 (MDCLXVI) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar, the 1666th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 666th year of the 2nd millennium, the 66th year of the 17th century, and the 7th year of the 1660s …
Where did London Fire end?
Paul’s Cathedral was caught in the flames. The acres of lead on the roof melted and poured down on to the street like a river, and the great cathedral collapsed. Luckily the Tower of London escaped the inferno, and eventually the fire was brought under control, and by the 6th September had been extinguished altogether.