The kingdom of Wessex was an Anglo-Saxon kingdom of the West Saxons in South West England, from the 6th century until the emergence of a united English state under the Wessex dynasty in the 10th century. It was to be an earldom after Canute the Great’s conquest of 1016, from 1020 to 1066.
Where was Wessex located?
At its greatest extent Wessex encompassed the modern areas of Hampshire, Isle of Wight, Dorset and Wiltshire, as well as the western half of Berkshire and the eastern hilly flank of Somerset.
What was the capital of Wessex?
Alfred (Aelfred) became ruler of the west Saxons after he and his brother defeated the Danish Vikings at the Battle of Ashdown. In 871 at the tender age of 21, Alfred was crowned King of Wessex and established Winchester as his capital.
Did Wessex ever fall to the Vikings?
By this time, only the kingdom of Wessex had not been conquered. In May of 878 Alfred the Great defeated the Vikings at the Battle of Edington, and a treaty was agreed whereby the Vikings were able to remain in control of much of northern and eastern England.
|Great Heathen Army|
Was Wessex and Mercia in London?
London seems to have come under direct Mercian control in the 730s. … The city remained in Danish hands until 886, when it was captured by the forces of King Alfred the Great of Wessex and reincorporated into Mercia, which was governed by his son-in-law Ealdorman Æthelred.
Is Wessex still a county?
Wessex, one of the kingdoms of Anglo-Saxon England, whose ruling dynasty eventually became kings of the whole country. In its permanent nucleus, its land approximated that of the modern counties of Hampshire, Dorset, Wiltshire, and Somerset.
What were the 7 kingdoms of England?
It is derived from the Greek words for “seven” and “rule.” The seven kingdoms were Northumbria, Mercia, East Anglia, Essex, Kent, Sussex, and Wessex.
What was the original capital of England?
When the 7 Anglo-Saxon kingdoms became united under one king in the 9th century, the first capital of England was not London (albeit the largest city in the country), but Winchester, the previous capital of the kingdom of Wessex.
Was Winchester once the capital of England?
Winchester was the first and former capital city of England. … Winchester remained the most important city in England until the Norman conquest in the eleventh century.
What is Mercia now called?
Mercia was one of the Anglo-Saxon kingdoms of the Heptarchy. It was in the region now known as the English Midlands.
Who was the most famous Viking?
Probably the most important Viking leader and the most famous Viking warrior, Ragnar Lodbrok led many raids on France and England in the 9th century.
Is Alfred the Great related to Queen Elizabeth?
The current queen of England, Queen Elizabeth II, is the 32nd great-granddaughter of King Alfred the Great, so I want to give you all a little bit of background on him. He was the first effective King of England, all the way back in 871.
Did King Alfred defeat the Vikings?
After ascending the throne, Alfred spent several years fighting Viking invasions. He won a decisive victory in the Battle of Edington in 878 and made an agreement with the Vikings, creating what was known as the Danelaw in the North of England.
Is London located in Mercia?
At the end of the 9th century, following the invasions of the Vikings and their Great Heathen Army, much of the former Mercian territory was absorbed into the Danelaw. At its height, the Danelaw included London, all of East Anglia and most of the North of England.
What was London called before the Romans?
Fast-forward to the 8th century and Alfred the Great took over the dilapidated, formerly Roman town and anglicized the name to Lundenburh, which eventually got shortened to London.
What was London called in Viking times?
When the early Anglo-Saxons settled in the area, they established a settlement that later become known as Ludenwic. This settlement was sited 1.6 km’s from the ruins of Londinium, the Roman city (Named Lundenburh in Anglo-Saxon, to mean “London Fort”).